Smart Cities in the world
As more people surge into urban areas around the world, the swelling population certainly strains infrastructure and services. Also, the worldwide cities now account for quite half the world’s population. Likewise, the United Nations projects the amount to balloon to 68 per cent by mid-century. How will all of those residents move through and around cities, and the way will cities provide energy, water, sanitation and other basic needs? It is often done by leveraging technology supported the internet of Things (IoT) and integrating a web population into new systems that make a city work—a new and evolving smart city.
However, What makes smart cities?
Generally, it requires intelligent IoT solutions that optimize infrastructure and government consequently to higher engage citizens within the management of services. Moreover, as it has a basketful of upsides, many large cities are transforming themselves into a more optimistic and futuristic way.
So, here we are listing 10 smart cities that are widely known as leading the way.
10. Hong Kong (10th among top smart cities)
Kicking off the top ten list is one among the foremost influential smart cities in Southeast Asia: Hong Kong. One most ubiquitous feature to smart city development is the lamppost fitted with sensors. Then, the 55-kilometre-long Hong Kong-Shuhai-Macao bridge is fitted with 4G service and is being readied for 5G. Also, in Hong Kong itself, 400 smart lampposts will host a 5G test rollout in four neighborhoods.
Moreover, another feature may be a new mobile-friendly city dashboard screen. It uses data gleaned from various government departments to point out real-time images, maps, icons, and charts of data like average traffic speed in several districts and tunnels, also as temperature, rainfall, or parking availability.
In the 9th spot is the city-state of Singapore. it’s the primary city within the world to launch a system of driver-less taxis (with plans to launch similar buses by 2022). So, it’s no surprise that this innovative city comes in at no.2 for technology. Also, the town aims to gather data throughout with the assistance of sensors linked to aggregation boxes. The collected data on traffic volume or pedestrian activity is then sent to appropriate agencies for analysis and action in delivering services.
Concerning planning, the National Research Foundation is also leading the event of Virtual Singapore. It is a dynamic 3D city model and collaborative data platform to check tools for instance simulating crowd dispersions.
At number 8 on the ranking is Amsterdam. Through its IoT Living Lab, a 3,700-square-meter area fitted with IoT-enabled beacons, users of Amsterdam can access data using Bluetooth devices. Also, these beacons use LoRaWan, a machine-to-machine protocol, to send data packets to distances reaching three kilometers.
Moreover, there are some smart grid projects which supply power distribution and storage as per demand and also uses CO2 for energy generation. Amsterdam also sports smart lighting with dimmable LED lights. Pedestrians and cyclists, however, can use an app to extend the sunshine when passing by and therefore the lights dim after they pass.
Berlin is certainly the very best placed German city within the ranking, coming in at no.7 overall. Mobility and transportation (4), human capital (5) and international projection (9) are some of its best performance. However, the areas with the foremost room for improvement are the economy (59) and therefore the environment (42.)
Ranking the number 6th, The incubator Copenhagen Solutions Lab received a gift in 2017 for a system that monitors traffic, air quality, waste management, energy use, and compares operations in real-time. It also connects parking systems, traffic lights, buildings, smart metering, and charging systems for electric vehicles to direct traffic in real-time and optimize energy use consistent with fuel prices, traffic movement, and weather.
The netizens use an app developed from all the info that guides them through city streets and tells them how briskly they have to pedal to form subsequent green light. Not only this, another online group warns of bicycle-related police activity, to avoid fines.
At no. 5 in Reykjavik, which is additionally the simplest performing smart cities for the environment. It takes the highest spot on this dimension because of being a city with 100% renewable hydroelectric and heat sources, and a world leader in terms of energy sustainability and smart solutions. It’s next best performance is for social cohesion (14.) However, it got to work on its urban planning followed by the economy (86.)
Tokyo is the highest placed city in the Asia Pacific region. Coming 4th within the overall ranking, it does best on the size for the economy (3rd), followed by the environment (6th) and human capital (9th.) However, as a city with considerable technology influence on the worldwide stage, a positive development has been how Tokyo’s concept of a smart city has shifted in recent years towards the social dimension. for instance, with initiatives looking to deal with issues like the country’s ageing population.
As one of The major tourist destinations worldwide, Paris is certainly strong for its international projection, coming second thereon dimension. It also stands call at the size of mobility and transportation (2) and human capital (6), which looks at a city’s ability to draw in, nurture and develop talent. However, it needs room to enhance certain dimensions of social cohesion (74th), and therefore the environment (48th.)
2. New York (Runner-up among smart cities)
The NY city launched a pilot program that placed many smart sensors and a low-power wide-area network throughout several business districts. Collected data will then help manage trash pickup; waste containers fitted with sensors monitor. So, when the cans are full, it relays that information to disposal crews. Throughout the town, online charging kiosks also are replacing public phone booths to enable internet connectivity.
Moreover, the local department has tested web-based software from HunchLab that uses historical crime data, terrain modelling, and other information to predict and answer crime.
1. London (Best among smart cities)
London’s no 1 ranking is certainly thanks to it being well placed in most dimensions from human capital, governance, urban planning or transport, among others. Additionally, Connected London is the city’s program to supply 5G connectivity to the whole city, requiring new developments to supply full fibre-optic coverage. to form it work, officials say 5G cells must be placed 200 meters apart. Then, another idea is to use drones to identify unused space where cellular antennas are often installed. Furthermore initiative aims to supply open access to Wi-Fi publicly buildings and on the streets.
London’s iconic lampposts are also being fitted with a set of sensors and charging points for electric vehicles.
Written and edited by Puja Lohani, Digiteer.
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