Like organic food 20 years ago, the idea of organic cotton is certainly confusing to many of us. Further, it is taking a long time to grab attention. This is because of its indirect correlation as we don’t eat cotton fiber. However, with the emerging sustainable development programmes, the demand for going organic is rising. Besides being the most widely grown crops globally, growing cotton is highly chemical-intensive, soil erosive and pollution-causing.
As a result of numerous disadvantages of cultivating conventional cotton, more brands are shifting toward producing its organic version. And this is all about our today’s topic, that is to say, Why we should grow organic cotton?
So, let’s get started!
- What is organic cotton?
- An outlook on statistics.
- Interesting facts about cotton.
- Why choose organic cotton?
- To Sum Up
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What is organic cotton?
The cotton is grown organically and also certified to organic agricultural standards. These are produced from non-genetically modified plants, without the use of chemicals for example fertilizers and pesticides. Thus, it uses only those chemicals with certified organic labelling if required. As a result, its production sustains the soil health, ecosystem and people. Therefore, organic cotton combines tradition, innovation and science to promote a good quality of life.
An outlook on statistics.
As per the ‘2020 Organic Cotton Market Report‘, the production is certainly projected to rise 10 per cent in 2O19-20 crop season based on pre-COVID estimates. The production also rose by 31% over the previous period for the 2018-19 harvest year. Additionally, billions of farmers from 19 different nations produced 239,787 metric tones of cotton from 418.935 hectares of land.
As a result, an estimation came that 7 countries have developed about 97% of global organic cotton. The names are:
- India (51%),
- China (17%),
- Kyrgyzstan (10%),
- Turkey (10%),
- The US (2%), among others.
Interesting facts about cotton.
1. It takes 2,700 liters of water subsequently to produce a conventional cotton t-shirt. (Source: CottonConnect, 2014)
2. By 2025, two-third of the world population certainly may face water shortage. (Source: UN-Water FAO, 2007)
3. Cotton certainly supplies 33% of the apparel industry. (Source: World Apparel Fiber Consumption Survey)
4. Also, conventional cotton uses 16% of the world’s insecticides and 7% of the pesticides. (Source: ICAC Expert Panel on SEEP, 2010)
5. Further, choosing organic cotton over its conventional type, you can save water, energy and carbon emissions. Going for organic cotton-made jeans, one can consequently save up to 599.6 days of drinking water.
Why choose organic cotton?
1. Seed preparation
Organic: Consequently uses natural, untreated GMO-free seeds.
Conventional: Consequently treated with the high amount of fungicides or insecticides. Also, the products obtained may be genetically modified (GMOs).
2. Soil preparation
Organic: It firstly promotes healthy soil through crop rotation. Secondly, retains moisture in the soil from increased organic matter.
Conventional: Uses synthetic fertilizers for example Superphosphate and Ammonium Nitrate. There also occurs loss of soil due to mono-crop culture. Additionally, there’s the use of the intensive farming method.
3. Weed control
Organic: Healthy soil generates thus natural balance. It’s also beneficial to insects and tracks the crop used.
Conventional: Aerial spray of hazardous insecticides and pesticides as a result acting as carcinogens (cancer-causing agents).
Organic: Natural defoliation occurs so from freezing temperatures or through the use of water management.
Conventional: However, in conventional type, defoliation is induced by using harsh toxic chemicals.
Organic: Subsequently, stabilizes warp fibers using double-plying or nontoxic corn starch.
Conventional: Warp fibers are so- stabilized using toxic waxes.
Organic: It consequently uses a safer form of peroxide.
Conventional: Whereas, chlorine bleaching produces toxic byproducts that pollute the environment.
Organic: Uses soft scour in warm water with soda ash, certainly for a pH of 7.5-8.
Conventional: Uses hot water, synthetic surfactants and additional chemicals for example formaldehyde.
Organic: It certainly uses natural or mostly low-impact fiber-reactive dyes with lower metal and Sulphur content.
Conventional: Whereas, this on the other hand requires high temperature containing heavy metals and sulphur.
Organic: Organic cotton includes low-impact water-based inks also with no heavy metals.
Conventional: Pigments can be petroleum-based with heavy metals. The residues spill on the waterways thus creates water pollution.
Organic: With no added chemicals, it certainly ensures a safer, healthier, non-abusive, non-discriminatory environment with lively wages.
Conventional: No social screening is performed so, increases the chances of forced labor. The facilities are also unsafe and unhealthy.
Organic: Initially, it may be expensive but with its effective quality and sustainability, the long-term impacts are, therefore, priceless.
Conventional: However, it is initially cheaper but the use of hazardous materials can lead to a long-term devastating impact.
To Sum Up
From the above-mentioned list, the demand for organic cotton is certainly going to increase in the upcoming years. Thus, the positive aspects of cultivating biotic cotton products are countless if we look deeper. Above all, a must-know thing when you’re buying organic cotton products is that don’t just go for the “green” indicator on the stuff. As everything that shimmers isn’t gold likewise everything that labels green isn’t organic. So, one must check the GOTS Certification over the apparel or fashion wear.
So, this was all about our today’s topic: Why to choose organic cotton over its conventional type? Hope you liked the blog, also please share it with your kith and kin. Catch you in the upcoming blogs meanwhile do read our other amazing blogs below. Till then, keep reading keep supporting!
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