Nobel Prize is given on the memory of Alfred Nobel who has invented dynamite, This prize is awarded to those who have contributed to the welfare of mankind.
It was first awarded in 1901, at that time it was given in 5 fields but in 1968 a new subject is added “Economic Science” it was not considered as ‘Nobel Prize’ but ‘Nobel Memorial Prize’.
Nobel Prize is given in these fields:-
|1. Physics||Royal Swedish Academy of Science ( Sweden)|
|2. Peace||Norwegian Nobel Committee (Norway)|
|3. Chemistry||Royal Swedish Academy of Science (Sweden)|
|4. Physiology and Medicine||Nobel Assembly at the Karolinska Institute (Sweden)|
|5. Economics||Sveriges Risksbank (Sweden)|
|6. Literature||The Swedish Academy (Sweden)|
Here are some Winners from India in Science Stream:-
1. Sir Chandrasekhara Venkata Raman
India’s first physicist who win a Nobel Physics Prize in 1930 for his work on ” Scattering of light”.
2. Har Gobind Khorana
He was an Indian American biochemist who got Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine in 1968, He worked on “interpretation of the genetic code and its function in protein synthesis”.
3. Subrahmanyan Chandrasekhar
He is an Indian origin Scientist , This man made us proud in 1983 when he got Nobel Prize in Physics, he worked “for theoretical studies of the physical processes of importance to the structure and evolution of the stars”.
4. Venkatraman Ramakrishnan
Venkatraman Ramakrishnan was an Indian born, who got Nobel Prize in 2009 in Chemistry” for studies of the structure and function of the ribosome”.
5. Amartya Sen
Amartya Sen got Nobel prize in Economic science in 1998.” for his contribution to welfare economics”.
So these are the people from India who Made us feel proud by there contribution in different fields for the welfare of mankind across the world. This award is the highest award across the world, This prize is given every year to the people who worked for the mankind, Each winner get a gold medal.
Sometimes, this prize is awarded to more than three people at a time but the prize is not shared among more than three people like if more than 3 people win in any field they are considered as winners but the prize is given only to three persons. Also this award is not given after death, which means a person only get this prize when he/she is alive because after death they are not eligible for their nomination.
The Nobel Committee were regretted when Mahatma Gandhi died without getting peace prize in 1948. There is a famous statemen that “Gandhi could do without the Nobel Peace prize, Whether Nobel Committee can do without Gandhi is a question”.
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